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Anderson County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area (sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

57,938
– 0.9
1,078.0
1,062.6
174–773
46.60
34.5
92.3
21,621
6.5
$179,554,183
$30,200
$3,826,323,353
$516,118,936

map of Anderson County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Forested, hilly East Texas county, slopes to Trinity and Neches rivers; Lake Palestine; sandy, clay, black soils; pines, hardwoods.

Economy: Manufacturing, distribution, agribusiness, tourism; hunting and fishing leases; prison units.

 Anderson County locator map

History: Comanche, Waco, other tribes. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1830s. Antebellum slaveholding area. County created and organized from Houston County in 1846; named for K.L. Anderson, last vice president of the Republic of Texas.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 60.5; Black, 21.7; Hispanic, 16.5; Asian, 0.8; Other, 2.1.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 611; deaths, 618; marriages, 370; divorces, 96.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting, streams, lakes; dogwood trails; national wildlife refuge; historic sites; railroad park; museums.

Minerals: Oil and gas.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, truck vegetables, melons, pecans, peaches. Market value $44.6 million. Timber sold.

PALESTINE (19,148), county seat; clothing, metal, wood products; transportation and agribusiness center; scientific balloon station; historic bakery; library; vocational-technical facilities; hospitals; community college; dulcimer festival in March, hot pepper festival in October.

Other towns include: Cayuga (137); Elkhart (1,394); Frankston (1,240), tourism, packaging industry, oil and gas, commuters to Tyler; depot museum, Square Fair in October; Montalba (110); Neches (175); and Tennessee Colony (300) site of state prisons.

Landscape from Anderson County

Landscape near Engeling Wildlife Management Area. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac