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Physical Features: South Plains, drain to playas; grass, mesquite, shin oak; red clay, sandy soils.
Economy: Natural resources/mining; manufacturing; trade, construction; government/services; agribusiness.
History: Apache, Comanche area until U.S. Army campaigns of 1875. Ranching developed around 1900. Oil boom in 1940s. County created 1876 from Bexar Territory; organized 1910; named for Texas Revolutionary soldier Richard Andrews.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 44.6; Black, 2.2; Hispanic, 51.7; Asian, 0.7; Other, 2.6.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 265; deaths, 115; marriages, 126; divorces, 69.
Recreation: Prairie dog town, wetlands, bird viewing; museum; camper facilities; Fall Fiesta in September.
Minerals: Oil and gas.
Agriculture: Beef, cotton, sorghums, grains, corn, hay; significant irrigation. Market value $12.6 million.
ANDREWS (12,288) county seat; trade center, amphitheatre, hospital.
Other towns include, McKinney Acres (895).
An oil field along FM 181 in Andrews County. Photo by Robert Plocheck.