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Physical Features: On rolling prairie; bisected by Brazos; blackland, red, sandy loam soils; mineral springs.
Economy: Government/services, agribusiness, varied manufacturing.
History: Wacos, Tawokanis, Anadarkos in conflict with Comanches. Cherokees alone in area 1830 until 1835 when Anglo-American settlement began. County created 1850 from Limestone, Milam counties; named for Brazos River falls.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 52.21; Black, 24.71; Hispanic, 21.47; Asian, 0.33; Other, 1.27.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 185; deaths, 193; marriages, 75; divorces, 17.
Recreation: Fishing, hunting, camping; Highland Mansion and Falls on the Brazos.
Minerals: Gravel, sand, oil.
Agriculture: Stocker cattle, cow-calf operations, corn, grain sorghum, soybeans, cotton, wheat, oats, goats, sheep, horses. Some cotton irrigated. Market value $126.8 million.
MARLIN (5,967) county seat; agriculture, prison; hospital; museum.
The Church of the Visitation in Westphalia. Photo by Chris Latham (CC).