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Physical Features: High Plains, many playas, creeks, draws; sandy, loam, black soils; underground water; Palo Duro Reservoir.
Economy: Agribusinesses; oil, gas operations; wind energy.
History: Apaches, pushed out by Comanches around 1700. U.S. Army removed Comanches in 1874-75, and ranching began soon afterward. Farmers, including Norwegians, moved in around 1900. County created in 1876, from Bexar, Young districts; organized in 1889; named for jurist J.M. Hansford.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 53.74; Black, 0.72; Hispanic, 43.98; Asian, 0.38; Other, 1.18.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 85; deaths, 57; marriages, 47; divorces, 9.
Recreation: Stationmasters House Museum, hunting, lake activities, ecotourism, Lindbergh landing site.
Minerals: Production of gas, oil.
Agriculture: Large cattle-feeding operations; corn, wheat (second in acreage), sorghum; hogs. Substantial irrigation. Market value $589.8 million.
SPEARMAN (3,368) county seat; farming, cattle production, oil and gas, wind energy, biofuels; hospital, library, windmill collection; Heritage Days in May with rib cookoff.
Skyline of Gruver. Photo by Robert Plocheck.