tx almanac facebook link

Hidalgo County

Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area (sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

815,996
5.3
1,582.9
1,570.9
28–376
22.20
49.3
96.2
314,257
9.9
$1,773,840,360
$22,400
$32,608,029,618
$9,399,973,895

map of Hidalgo County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Rich alluvial soils along Rio Grande; sandy, loam soils in north; semitropical vegetation; Anzalduas Channel Dam, Delta Lake, Valley Acres Reservoir.

Economy: Food processing and shipping, other agribusinesses, tourism, mineral operations.

locator map for Hidalgo CountyHistory: Coahuiltecan and Karankawa area. Comanches forced Apaches southward into valley in the 1700s; Comanches arrived in valley in the 1800s. Spanish settlement occurred 1750-1800. County created in 1852 from Cameron and Starr counties, organized the same year; named for leader of Mexico’s independence movement of 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costillo.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 7.5; Black, 0.8; Hispanic, 90.9; Asian, 1.1; Other, 0.9.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 16,101; deaths, 3,817; marriages, 4,856; divorces, 3.

Recreation: Winter resort, retirement area; fishing, hunting; gateway to Mexico; historical sites; Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park; museums; All-Valley Winter Vegetable Show at Pharr.

Minerals: Oil, gas, stone, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Ninety percent of farm cash receipts from crops (ranked first in state), principally from sugar cane (first in acreage), grain sorghum (first in acreage), vegetables (first in acreage), citrus, cotton; livestock includes cattle; 184,000 acres irrigated. Market value $452.8 million.

EDINBURG (79,742) county seat; vegetable processing and packing, petroleum operations, tourism, clothing; planetarium; the University of Texas-Pan American; hospitals; behavioral, health center; museum; Texas Cook’em High Steaks July 4 weekend, Fiesta Edinburg in February.

McALLEN (135,497) government/services; food processing and shipping, varied manufacturing, tourism; community college; hospitals; Palmfest in October.

Mission (81,267) citrus groves, agricultural processing and distribution; hospital; community college; international butterfly park; Citrus Fiesta in January.

Pharr (75,001) agriculture, trading center; trucking; tourism; old clock, juke box museums; folklife festival in February.

Other towns include: Abram (2,154); Alamo (19,428) live steam museum; Alton (13,637); Doffing (5,240); Donna (16,369) citrus center, varied manufacturing; Edcouch (3,224); Elsa (5,989); Granjeno (298); Hargill (893); Hidalgo (11,854) trade zone, shipping, winter resort, agribusiness, historical sites, library, Borderfest in March; La Blanca (2,525); La Homa (12,319); La Joya (4,118); La Villa (2,054); Los Ebanos (338).

Also, Mercedes (16,343) “boot capital,” citrus, and vegetable center, food processing, tourism, recreation vehicle show in January, Hispanic Fest July 4; Mila Doce (6,520); Monte Alto (1,984); North Alamo (3,458); Nurillo (7,595); Palmhurst (2,677); Palmview (5,662); Palmview South (5,699); PeƱitas (4,693); Perezville (5,569; Progreso (5,746); Progreso Lakes (248); San Carlos (3,220); San Juan (35,509) retirement area, trucking, Shrine of Our Lady of San Juan, Spring Fiesta in February; San Manuel-Linn (809); South Alamo (3,445); Sullivan City (4,102); Weslaco (37,498) agriculture, nature tourism, South Texas College, hospital, Dragonfly Days in May.

Hidalgo pronunciation

 

approach to Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley Sate Park near Mission

The approach to Bentsen–Rio Grande Valley State Park near Mission. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

 

Texas Almanac

Texas Almanac