Jim Wells County
|Click to enlarge.||Map legend.|
Physical Features: South Coastal Plains; level to rolling; sandy to dark soils; grassy with mesquite brush; Lake Corpus Christi.
Economy: Oil and gas production, agriculture, nature tourism.
History: Coahuiltecans, driven out by Lipan Apaches in 1775. Tomás Sánchez established settlement in 1754. Anglo-American settlement began in 1878. County created 1911 from Nueces County; organized 1912; named for developer J.B. Wells Jr.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 19.63; Black, 0.61; Hispanic, 78.81; Asian, 0.40; Other, 0.55.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 674; deaths, 369; marriages, 233; divorces, 163.
Recreation: Hunting; fiestas; Tejano Roots hall of fame; South Texas museum.
Minerals: Oil, gas, caliche.
Agriculture: Cattle, sorghum, corn, cotton, dairies, goats, wheat, watermelons, sunflowers, peas, hay. Market value $61 million.
ALICE (19,104) county seat; oil-field service center, agribusiness, government/services; hospital; Bee County College extension; Fiesta Bandana (from original name of city) in May.
Other towns include: Alfred (91); Ben Bolt (1,600); Orange Grove (1,318); Pernitas Point (274, partly in Live Oak County); Premont (2,653) wildflower tour in spring; Rancho Alegre (1,704); Sandia (379).
Also, part  of San Diego (4,488).
The Jim Wells County Courthouse in Alice. Photo by Robert Plocheck.