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Physical Features: Rolling prairie, mostly Blackland soil; Lake Ray Hubbard. Texas’ smallest county.
Economy: Industrial employment in local plants and in Dallas; in Dallas metropolitan area; residential development around Lake Ray Hubbard.
History: Caddo area. Cherokees arrived in 1820s. Anglo-American settlers arrived in 1840s. County created 1873 from Kaufman, organized the same year; named for wall-like rock formation.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 73.27; Black, 5.87; Hispanic, 16.56; Asian, 2.47; Other, 1.83.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 941; deaths, 426; marriages, 1,173; divorces, 394.
Recreation: Lake activities; proximity to Dallas; unusual rock outcrop.
Minerals: Not significant.
Agriculture: Small grains, cattle, horticulture, horses. Market value $3.9 million.
ROCKWALL (37,490) county seat; commuters, varied manufacturing, government/services; hospital; harbor retail and enterainment district; Founders Day in April.
Other towns include: Fate (6,357); Heath (6,921); McLendon-Chisholm (1,373) chili cookoff in October; Mobile City (188); Royse City (9,349) government/services, varied manufacturing, agribusiness, museum, library, Funfest in October.