Physical Features: Descriptions are from U.S. Geological Survey and local sources.
Economy: From information provided by local chambers of commerce and county extension agents.
History: From Texas statutes, Fulmore’s History and Geography of Texas as Told in County Names, WPA Historical Records Survey, Texas Centennial Commission Report, the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, and the New Handbook of Texas.
Race/Ethnicity: Percentage estimates for 2019 from the U.S. Bureau of the Census. "Anglo" refers to non-Hispanic whites. "Asian" refers to persons having origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent. "Other" includes those of American Indian and Alaska Native origin, as well as native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. People may choose to report more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, such as "American Indian" and "White." People who identify their origin as Hispanic may be of any race. Thus, the totals may add up to more than 100 percent.
Statewide: Anglo, 41.2; Black, 12.9; Hispanic, 39.7; Asian, 5.2; Other, 1.1; Two or more races, 2.1.
Vital Statistics: From the Texas Department of State Health Services Annual Report 2015 (latest available).
Statewide: Births, 403,439; deaths, 189,166; marriages, 187,415; divorces, 71,123.
Recreation: From information provided by local chambers of commerce and county extension agents. Attempts were made to note activities unique to the area or that point to ethnic or cultural heritage.
Minerals: From county extension agents.
Agriculture: Condensed from information provided to the Texas Almanac by county extension agents in 2019. Market value (total cash receipts) of agricultural products sold is from the latest census conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 2017. Rankings refer to that county among the 254 counties in the state. (A few counties do not have the annual market value figure because the USDA withheld the information to protect the privacy of the limited number of producers.)
Cities: The county seat, incorporated cities, and towns with post offices are listed. Population figures for incorporated cities and certain census designated places are the estimate as of Jan. 1, 2019, from the Texas Demographic Center (formerly called the Texas State Data Center). Population estimates for other towns are from local officials. When figures for small portions of major cities are given, they are in brackets, such as part [46,885] of Dallas in Collin County.