Below are listed the major military installations in Texas in 2018. Data are taken from the U.S. Department of Defense Base Structure Report 2017 and other sources. “Civilian” refers to Department of Defense and contractor personnel.
*In October 2010, Fort Sam Houston, Lackland AFB, and Randolph AFB were merged into Joint Base San Antonio under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Air Force 502nd Air Base Wing.
Naval Air Station Corpus Christi
Location: Corpus Christi (est. 1941).
Address: NAS Corpus Christi, 11001 D St., Corpus Christi 78418
Main phone number: (361) 961-2811
Personnel: 1,369 active-duty; 395 reserve; 710 civilians.
Major units: Naval Air Training Command Headquarters; Training Air Wing 4; Marine Aviation Training Support Group; Coast Guard Air Group; Corpus Christi Army Depot (est. 1961).
Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth
Location: westside Fort Worth (est. 1994) [Carswell, est. in 1942 as Fort Worth Army Air Field, closed in 1993].
Address: NAS-JRB, 1510 Chennault Ave., Fort Worth 76113
Main phone number: (817) 782-3058
Personnel: Active-duty — 2 Army, 232 Navy, 487 Marines, 159 Air Force; Reserve — 605 Army, 2,074 Navy, 1,366 Marines, 975 Air Force, 1,709 Air National Guard; 892 civilians.
Major units: Navy Fleet Logistics Support Squadrons 59; 8th Marine Corps District; Marine Air Group 41; 14th Marine Regiment; Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 41; Marine Fighter Attach Squadron 112; 136th Airlift Wing, Texas Air National Guard; U.S. Army 90th Aviation Support Battalion; 10th Air Force, 301st Fighter Wing, Air Force Reserve.
Naval Air Station Kingsville
Location: Kingsville (est. 1942).
Address: NAS Kingsville, Texas 78363
Main phone number: (361) 516-6136
Personnel: 363 active-duty; 159 reserve; 243 civilians.
Major units: Training Air Wing Two; Training Squadrons 21 and 22; Naval Auxiliary Landing Field Orange Grove; McMullen Target Range, Escondido Ranch.
Location: El Paso (est. 1849).
Address: Fort Bliss, Texas 79916
Main phone number: (915) 568-2121
Personnel: 25,546 active-duty; 260 reserve; 5,660 civilians.
Major units: 1st Armored Division; 32nd Air and Missile Defense Command; 15th Sustainment Brigade; 5th Armored Brigade; Air Defense Artillery School; 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigades; Joint Task Force North; 204th Military Intelligence Battalion; 212th Fires Brigade; 402nd Field Artillery Brigade; Biggs Army Airfield (est. 1916).
Location: Killeen (est. 1942).
Address: Fort Hood, Texas 76544
Main phone number: (254) 286-5139
Personnel: 36,391 active-duty; 805 reserve; 6,915 civilians.
Major units: III Corps, Headquarters Command; First Army Division West; 1st Cavalry Division; 13th Sustainment Command; 89th Military Police Brigade; 3rd Cavalry Regiment; 41st Fires Brigade; 504th Battlefield Surveil-lance Brigade; Army Operational Test Command; Darnell Army Medical Center.
Fort Sam Houston*
Location: San Antonio (est. 1878).
Address: Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234
Main phone number: (210) 221-1211
Personnel: 10,462 active-duty; 692 reserve; 10,506 civilians.
Major units: U.S. Army North; U.S. Army South; Brooke Army Medical Center; Institute of Surgical Research; Army Medical Command; Army Medical Dept. Center and School; 5th Recruiting Brigade; 12th Brigade, Western Region (ROTC); Camp Bullis (est. 1917), training area.
Red River Army Depot
Location: 18 miles west of Texarkana (est. 1941).
Address: Red River Army Depot, Texarkana 75507
Main phone number: (903) 334-2141
Personnel: 19 active-duty; 93 reserve; 3,059 civilians.
Major unit: Defense Distribution Center; U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command.
U.S. Air Force
Dyess Air Force Base
Location: Abilene (est. 1942 as Tye Army Airfield, closed at end of World War II, re-established in 1956).
Address: Dyess Air Force Base, Texas 79607
Main phone number: (325) 696-3113
Personnel: 4,221 active-duty; 425 reserve; 710 civilians.
Major units: 7th Bomb Wing (Air Combat Command); 317th Airlift Group.
Goodfellow Air Force Base
Location: San Angelo (est. 1940).
Address: Goodfellow AFB, San Angelo 76908
Main phone number: (325) 654-3876
Personnel: 3,195 active-duty; 29 reserve; 635 civilians.
Major units: 17th Training Wing; 517th Training Squadron; 17th Medical Group. 17th Mission Support Group.
Lackland Air Force Base*
Location: San Antonio (est. 1942 when separated from Kelly Field).
Address: Lackland Air Force Base, Texas 78236
Main phone number: (210) 671-1110
Personnel: 21,532 active-duty; 4,224 reserve; 9,296 civilians.
Major units: 37th Training Wing; 737th Training Group; 341th, 342nd, 343rd, 344th, and 345th Training Squardrons; Defense Language Institute; Inter-American Air Force Academy; Kelly Field Annex (was Kelly Air Force Base, est. 1916).
Laughlin Air Force Base
Location: Del Rio (est. 1942).
Address: Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas 78843
Main phone number: (830) 298-3511
Personnel: 1,288 active-duty; 82 reserve; 1,108 civilians.
Major unit: 47th Flying Training Wing.
Randolph Air Force Base*
Location: San Antonio (est. 1930).
Address: Randolph Air Force Base, Texas 78150
Main phone number: (210) 652-1110
Personnel: 2,649 active-duty; 538 reserve; 5,177 civilians.
Major units: 12th Flying Training Wing; 359th Medical Group; Air Education and Training Command; 902nd Mission Support Group; Air Force Recruiting Command; Air Force Manpower Agency.
Sheppard Air Force Base
Location: Wichita Falls (est. 1941).
Address: Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas 76311
Main phone number: (940) 676-2511
Personnel: 5,973 active-duty; 131 reserve; 1,603 civilians.
Major units: 82nd Training Wing; 80th Flying Training Wing; NCO Academy.
Texas Military Forces
Location: Austin. Just west of MoPac Blvd.
Address: Box 5218, Austin, Texas 78763
Main phone number: (512) 465-5101
Adjutant General of Texas: Maj. General Tracy R. Norris
Major units: Joint Force Headquarters, the Standing Joint Interagency Task Force, the 36th Infantry Division, the 147th Reconnaissance Wing, 149th Fighter Wing, and the 136th Airlift Wing. Texas Air National Guard.
Texas Military Forces Museum: open Wednesday–Sunday, 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Tracing their history to early frontier days, the Texas Military Forces are organized into the Army and Air National Guard and the Texas State Guard.
The governor is commander-in-chief of the Texas Military Forces. This command function is exercised through the adjutant general appointed by the governor and approved by federal and state legislative authority.
When not in active federal service, Camp Mabry, in west Austin, serves as the administative and storage headquarters. Camp Mabry was established in the early 1890s as a summer encampment of the Texas Volunteer Guard, a forerunner of the Texas National Guard. The name honors Woodford Haywood Mabry, adjutant general from 1891–1898.
The State Guard, an all-volunteer backup force, was created by the Legislature in 1941. It became an active element of the state military forces in 1965 with a mission of reinforcing the National Guard in emergencies, and replacing National Guard units called into federal service. The State Guard had a membership of approximately 2,200 personnel in 2018.
The Army National Guard is available for state and national emergencies and has been used extensively during natural disasters. There were 17,000 Texans serving in the Texas Army National Guard in 2018.
When the military forces were reorganized following World War II, the Texas Air National Guard was added. Its units augment major Air Force commands. Approximately 3,000 men and women currently make up the Air Guard in the state.
Since 2003, some 31,000 National Guard troops from Texas have served in Iraq and Afghanistan.
In 2018, Adjutant General Norris commanded a total of some 22,000 soldiers, airmen, and civilians.
When called into active federal service, National Guard units come within the chain of command of the Army and Air Force units.