Brown County

Brown County, Texas

Brown County, Texas

Brown County Courthouse in Brownwood, Texas. Photgraph by Renelibrary. 

Brown County (F-14), near the geographic center of Texas, is bordered on the north by Eastland County, on the west by Coleman County, on the south by McCulloch and San Saba counties, and on the east by Comanche and Mills counties. The center of the county lies at 31°45' north latitude and 99°00' west longitude, sixty-five miles southeast of Abilene. The county is named for Capt. Henry Stevenson Brown, a company commander in the battle of Velasco, a delegate to the Convention of 1832, and one of the first Anglo-Americans in the area. Elevation over this rolling country varies from 1,200 to 2,000 feet. Soils vary from heavy loam to sand, clay, and shales over the county's 936 square miles. Local waterways are Pecan Bayou and its tributaries and the Colorado River, which forms the southern boundary of the county. The average low temperature in January is 33° F; the average high in July is 96°. The growing season lasts 242 days. Rainfall averages 27.42 inches annually, and 6,000 acres are under irrigation. The county produces $30.5 million annually from agriculture, including cattle, hogs, sheep, goats, grain sorghums, wheat, and pecans.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Brown County

Highlighted:
  • Brown County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Brown County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

1230 ft – 1973 ft

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Brown County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Brown County
Pop. Year Source
37,864 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Brown County
People Year Source
14,764 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$38,830 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Brown County
USD ($) Year Source
4,015,528,575 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Brown County
USD ($) Year Source
481,977,380 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Brown County
USD ($) Year Source
153,644,396 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
7.5 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
30.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
30.1 95.7 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Brown County
Area (square miles) Year Source
944.4 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Brown County
Area (square miles) Year Source
957.0 2019 United States Census Bureau