Callahan County

Callahan County, Texas

Callahan County, Texas

The Texas and Pacific Depot Visitor Center in Baird, Callahan County, Texas. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Callahan County (I-13) is in the Rolling Plains region of Central Texas on Interstate Highway 20 east of Abilene. The county is bounded on the north by Shackelford and Jones counties, on the east by Eastland County, on the south by Coleman and Brown counties, and on the west by Taylor County. The county seat is Baird. The largest town, Clyde, is nine miles east of Abilene and roughly 162 miles west of Fort Worth. The center point of the county is at 32°18' north latitude and 99°23' west longitude. In addition to Interstate 20, the county's transportation needs are served by U.S. highways 80 and 283, State highways 6, 36, 206, 279, 351, and the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Callahan County embraces 899 square miles of grassy prairie. The elevation ranges from 1,500 to 1,900 feet. The county is divided by a low range of hills known as the Callahan Divide, which runs from east to west. The region to the north is in the Brazos River basin, and the area to the south is in the Colorado River basin. Most of the county has light to dark loamy soils with clayey to loamy subsoils. In the southeast the soils are light-colored with loamy to sandy surface layers and clayey subsoils. Between 21 and 30 percent of the land in the county is considered prime farmland. The eastern quarter of the county has vegetation typical of the Cross Timbers and Prairies regions-a variety of grasses, including mesquite grass, red grama, red love grass, tumble grass, and Texas grama, and small stands of trees, including mesquite, post oak, live oak, and pecan. The southwest corner has tall grasses. The remainder of the county has short to mid-height grasses, with some mesquite, juniper, and cacti (see GRASSLANDS). The subtropical and subhumid climate features mild winters and warm summers. Temperatures range in January from an average low of 31° F to an average high of 56°, and in July from 71° to 96°. The average annual rainfall is twenty-five inches. The average annual snowfall is six inches. The growing season averages 230 days a year, with the last freeze in late March and the first in early November. Tornadoes are common in the area. Since its establishment in the last century Callahan County towns have suffered several severe storms, most notably Baird in 1895, Oplin in 1922, and Clyde in 1938 and 1950.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Callahan County

Highlighted:
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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Callahan County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

1350 ft – 2204 ft

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Callahan County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Callahan County
Pop. Year Source
13,943 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Callahan County
People Year Source
5,920 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$39,392 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Callahan County
USD ($) Year Source
1,860,824,981 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Callahan County
USD ($) Year Source
179,530,699 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Callahan County
USD ($) Year Source
29,459,101 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
6.4 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
27.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
31.4 94.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Callahan County
Area (square miles) Year Source
899.4 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Callahan County
Area (square miles) Year Source
901.3 2019 United States Census Bureau