Camp County

Camp County, Texas

Camp County, Texas

Camp County Courthouse in the City of Pittsburg, Texas. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Camp County, the third smallest Texas county, comprises 203 square miles of the East Texas timberlands, an area that is heavily forested with a great variety of softwoods and hardwoods, especially pine, cypress, and oak. The terrain ranges from nearly level to hilly; the largest portion of the county is undulating to rolling. The county is located in northeastern Texas, forty miles from the state's eastern boundary and fifty miles from the state's northern boundary. Pittsburg, the county seat and the county's largest town, is located on U.S. Highway 271, sixty miles southwest of Texarkana and ninety miles northeast of Dallas. The county center lies at 32°58' north latitude and 94°57' west longitude. Two railroads cross Camp County and intersect in Pittsburg. The St. Louis Southwestern Railway, constructed as the Texas and St. Louis Railway in the late 1870s, crosses the county from north to south, and the Louisiana and Arkansas Railway, constructed in the late 1870s as the East Line and Red River Railway, crosses the county from east to west. The elevation ranges from 250 to 450 feet above mean sea level. The county is drained by Big Cypress Creek, which formed the northern and eastern boundaries of the county when it was organized. There are six major lakes within eighteen miles of Pittsburg that are reputed to be among the best bass-fishing lakes in Texas. By 1983 Lake Bob Sandlin and Lake O' The Pines had subsumed more than half of the creekbed along the boundaries of the county. The soils in Camp County are predominantly light-colored loam with loam and clay subsoils. Between 31 and 40 percent of the land in the county is considered prime farmland. Mineral resources include ceramic clay, industrial sand, oil, gas, and lignite coal. Temperatures range from an average high of 94° F in July to an average low of 30° in January. Rainfall averages forty-four inches a year, and the growing season extends for an average of 240 days.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Camp County

Highlighted:
  • Camp County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Camp County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

236 ft – 538 ft

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Camp County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Camp County
Pop. Year Source
13,094 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Camp County
People Year Source
4,833 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$38,660 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Camp County
USD ($) Year Source
1,140,784,931 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Camp County
USD ($) Year Source
110,083,487 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Camp County
USD ($) Year Source
39,462,405 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
8.8 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
45.1 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
33.1 95.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Camp County
Area (square miles) Year Source
195.8 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Camp County
Area (square miles) Year Source
203.2 2019 United States Census Bureau