Crosby County

Mount Blanco in Crosby County, Texas

Mount Blanco in Crosby County, Texas

Mount Blanco is located on the Caprock escarpment off Farm Road 193, fifty-five miles northeast of Lubbock in northern Crosby County. Photograph by Leaflet.

Crosby County is on the eastern edge of the southern High Plains, bounded on the west by Lubbock County, on the north by Floyd County, on the east by Dickens County, and on the south by Garza County. It was named for Stephen Crosby, a Texas land commissioner during the mid-nineteenth century. U.S. Highway 82 runs west to east across the county, and State highways 207 and 651 are major north-to-south roads. The center of the county lies at 33°37' north latitude and 101°18' west longitude, about thirty miles east of Lubbock. Most of the western half of Crosby County, flat land covered by rich loam, lies above the Caprock, and the eastern part of the county and its southwestern corner are broken country below the Caprock. Drainage is to the forks of the Brazos River, White River, and numerous playas. Blanco Canyon crosses the county from northwest to southeast; at Mount Blanco the canyon is about 250 feet deep and 1½ miles wide, and is traversed by the White River. The county covers 911 square miles; its altitude ranges from 2,100 to 3,200 feet, and the average annual rainfall is 21.01 inches. Vegetation includes mesquite, hackberry, cottonwood, cedar, catclaw, cacti, and grasses, particularly curly mesquite, grama, salt, and sage. The average minimum temperature in January is 26° F; the average maximum in July is 94°. A growing season of 206 days yields $45 million average annual income from cotton, sorghums, wheat, corn, soybeans, sunflowers, cattle, hogs, and poultry. Irrigated land totals 125,000 acres.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Crosby County

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Crosby County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2250 ft – 3235 ft

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Crosby County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Crosby County
Pop. Year Source
5,737 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Crosby County
People Year Source
2,332 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$30,773 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Crosby County
USD ($) Year Source
919,198,006 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Crosby County
USD ($) Year Source
38,191,066 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Crosby County
USD ($) Year Source
14,647,709 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
5.2 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
23.3 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
25.9 92.3 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Crosby County
Area (square miles) Year Source
900.2 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Crosby County
Area (square miles) Year Source
901.7 2019 United States Census Bureau