Deaf Smith County

Deaf Smith County, Texas

Deaf Smith County, Texas

The Deaf Smith County Historical Museum is located in Hereford, Texas, the county's seat. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Deaf Smith County, on the western edge of the Panhandle, is bounded on the west by New Mexico, on the north by Oldham County, on the east by Randall County, and on the south by Parmer and Castro counties. It was named for Erastus "Deaf" Smith, a famous scout of the Texas Revolution. The county's center point is at 102°30' west longitude and 35°00' north latitude. Deaf Smith County comprises approximately 1,497 square miles of level prairies and rolling plains on the western edge of the Llano Estacado. Its loam soils, ranging from deep chocolate to sandy, support abundant native grasses as well as numerous agricultural products. Elevations range from 3,200 to 4,200 feet above sea level; the minimum average temperature is 22° F in January, and the average annual maximum is 93° in July. The average annual rainfall is 17.37 inches, and the annual growing season averages 185 days. Tierra Blanca Creek flows intermittently across the southern part of the county, and Palo Duro and North Palo Duro creeks run across the northeastern portion of the county. These streams enter the Red River basin in or near Palo Duro Canyon, in Randall County.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Deaf Smith County

Highlighted:
  • Deaf Smith County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Deaf Smith County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

3650 ft – 4460 ft

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Deaf Smith County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Deaf Smith County
Pop. Year Source
18,546 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Deaf Smith County
People Year Source
7,892 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$40,470 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Deaf Smith County
USD ($) Year Source
2,442,996,365 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Deaf Smith County
USD ($) Year Source
411,047,469 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Deaf Smith County
USD ($) Year Source
89,518,982 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
4.0 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
20.1 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
22.5 91.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Deaf Smith County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,496.9 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Deaf Smith County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,498.4 2019 United States Census Bureau