Hemphill County

Hemphill County, Texas

Hemphill County, Texas

Hempbill County Courthouse in the City of Canadian, Texas. Photograph by Aualliso.

Hemphill County lies in the rolling plains on the eastern edge of the Panhandle, east of the Texas High Plains. It is bordered on the east by Oklahoma, on the south by Wheeler County, on the west by Roberts County, and on the north by Lipscomb County. The center point of the county is at 35°50' north latitude and 100°15' west longitude. Canadian, the county seat, is eight to ten miles northwest of the center of the county and about 120 miles northeast of Amarillo. The county was named for John Hemphill. It comprises 904 square miles of rolling plains and rugged terrain, broken by two major rivers and dozens of creeks. The Canadian River flows easterly across the north central part of the county, and the Washita River flows west to east across the southern part. Red Deer Creek is the major tributary of the Canadian in the county; Gageby Creek is the largest county tributary of the Washita. More than three dozen smaller creeks drain into the two rivers. The elevation ranges from 2,200 to 2,800 feet above sea level. The county's clay loam, sandy loam, and alluvial soils support a variety of native grasses as well as wheat, grain sorghum, hay, and other cultivated grass crops. Some cottonwood and elm trees can be found in the numerous creekbottoms. Oil and natural gas also contribute to the local economy; oil production in 2000 was more than 505,000 barrels. The average annual rainfall is 20.5 inches, and the growing season averages 204 days a year; the average maximum temperature is 95° F in July, and the average minimum is 23° in January.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Hemphill County

Highlighted:
  • Hemphill County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Hemphill County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2170 ft – 3000 ft

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Hemphill County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Hemphill County
Pop. Year Source
3,819 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Hemphill County
People Year Source
1,711 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$58,484 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Hemphill County
USD ($) Year Source
1,840,163,280 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Hemphill County
USD ($) Year Source
30,842,289 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Hemphill County
USD ($) Year Source
36,011,225 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
5.1 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
21.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
21.2 93.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Hemphill County
Area (square miles) Year Source
906.3 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Hemphill County
Area (square miles) Year Source
912.2 2019 United States Census Bureau