Henderson County

Henderson County, Texas

Henderson County, Texas

Henderson County is named after James Pinckney Henderson, the first attorney general of the Republic of Texas. Image credit, Texas General Land Office, via TexasEscapes.com.

Henderson County is located in East Texas between the Neches and Trinity Rivers. Athens, the largest city and county seat, is near the geographical center of the county (at 32°10' N, 95°50' W), about sixty miles southeast of Dallas on U.S. Highway 175, at the intersection of State highways 31 and 19. Henderson County is in a transitional region between East and Central Texas. Two major lakes are partly in the county: Cedar Creek Reservoir on the northwest and Lake Palestine on the southeast. The county encompasses 949.7 square miles and has different land-resource areas that run almost parallel to the two river boundaries in a northwesterly to a southeasterly direction. The eastern third of the county, along the Neches River, is part of the East Texas Timberlands. This region has wooded, rolling terrain surfaced by deep sandy loams and sands. Loblolly and shortleaf pine, sweet gum, post oak, southern red oak, white oak, and flowering dogwoods grow in this region. In some areas within this system one finds long-leaf pine, black gum, and blackjack oak. Woody undergrowth consists of American beautyberry, greenbriar, and hawthorns. West and parallel to this region is the claypan area, where the soils are shallow sandy loams that overlie dense, clayey subsoils; vegetation here consists of mixed pine and hardwoods, including oak, elm, hackberry, and pecan. Along the Trinity River, the western border of the county, lie the bottomlands of the flood plain, where the vegetation features mixed hardwoods and a dense undergrowth of scrubs and vines typical of the East Texas mixed forests. Throughout these regions are native grasses that include little and big bluestem, Indian grass, switch grass, grama, and Virginia wild rye. A large variety of wildlife and game animals inhabits these areas. The county is hilly and rolling, with an elevation from 256 to 763 feet above sea level. The western part drains into the Trinity River, and the eastern section drains into the Neches River. Mineral resources include oil and gas reserves, sulfur, lignite coal, sand and gravel, and clay used for making bricks and pottery. The climate is considered subtropical. Temperatures range from an average range in July and August of 72° F to 96° and in January of 34° to 56°, for an average annual temperature of 65°. The average annual rainfall is forty inches, and the growing season extends to 260 days. The average date of the last freeze is March 11, and the first freeze is around November 26. Because of its favorable climate, the county's recreation areas are popular retirement centers.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Henderson County

Highlighted:
  • Henderson County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Henderson County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

256 ft – 763 ft

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Noteworthy Place Type
Aberdeen Town
Acker's Ferry Town
Acme Town
Aley Town
Alfred Town
Alvin Town
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Athens Town
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Enchanted Oaks Town
Eustace Town
Evelyn Town
Fincastle Town
Flat Foot Town
Forest Grove Town
Fox Town
Frances Town
Garry Town
Gerome Town
Goshen Town
Gossett Switch Town
Greeson Town
Gun Barrel City Town
Ham Town
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Hudsonville Town
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Merv Town
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Murchison Town
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Naught Town
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Sampson Town
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Stockard Town
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Summerall Town
Ten Mile Town
Thompson's Mill Town
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Tool Town
Trinidad Town
Turkey Creek Town
Uneva Town
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Vanall Town
Walnut Creek Town
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Wofford Town
Yale Seminary Town

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Henderson County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Henderson County
Pop. Year Source
82,737 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Henderson County
People Year Source
35,673 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$39,627 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Henderson County
USD ($) Year Source
7,646,643,920 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Henderson County
USD ($) Year Source
903,016,739 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Henderson County
USD ($) Year Source
180,288,923 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
7.6 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
42.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
34.5 92.6 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Henderson County
Area (square miles) Year Source
873.8 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Henderson County
Area (square miles) Year Source
948.3 2019 United States Census Bureau