Jeff Davis County

Jeff Davis County, Texas

Jeff Davis County, Texas

View of the historic building at Fort Davis in Jeff Davis County, Texas. Photograph by Dan0526.

Jeff Davis County, in the Trans-Pecos region of west Texas, is bordered by Culberson County to the northwest, Reeves and Pecos counties to the northeast, Brewster County to the southeast, and Presidio County to the southwest; the westernmost point of Jeff Davis County touches the Rio Grande. Fort Davis, the county seat and largest town, is 175 miles southeast of El Paso in southeastern Jeff Davis County. The county's center is about twenty miles northwest of Fort Davis at approximately 30°45' north latitude and 104°10' west longitude. Interstate Highway 10, U.S. Highway 80, and the Union Pacific Railroad cross the northern tip of Jeff Davis County, U.S. Highway 90 and anothe branch of the Union Pacific Railroad cross the western part of the county. State Highway 17 runs from north to south through eastern Jeff Davis County, and State Highway 118 runs from northwest to southeast across the central part of the county. Jeff Davis County comprises 2,258 square miles, varying from mountainous to nearly level, with elevations ranging from 3,800 to 8,378 feet above sea level; the latter, at the top of Mount Livermore, is the fifth highest elevation in the state. Jeff Davis County is in the Rio Grande basin. Soils in this predominantly mountainous county are generally thin and stony; in the valleys dark loams overlie clayey subsoils. Vegetation in the county includes scrub brush, cacti, grasses, live oak, piñon, and juniper, with Douglas fir, aspen, maple, ponderosa pine, and madrone at the higher elevations. Among the animals found (and hunted) in the county are mule deer, white-tailed deer, pronghorn antelope, mountain lion, javelina, elk, coyote, bobcat, ringtailed cat, badger, fox, weasel, civet cat, raccoon, skunk, sandhill crane, jacksnipe, mourning dove, white-winged dove, and teal. Several animals considered rare or endangered in Texas are found in Jeff Davis County, including the silver-haired bat, shorthorn lizard, Steller's jay, Clark's nutcracker, and band-tailed pigeon. Mineral resources include barite, kaolin clay, lead, limestone, manganese, rhyolite, silver, fluorspar, and zeolite. The climate is subtropical-arid. The average minimum temperature in January is 32° F, and the average maximum temperature in July is 90°. The growing season averages 225 days a year, and the average annual precipitation is eighteen inches. Less than 1 percent of the land in the county is considered prime farmland.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Jeff Davis County

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Jeff Davis County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

3162 ft – 8378 ft

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Jeff Davis County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Jeff Davis County
Pop. Year Source
2,274 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Jeff Davis County
People Year Source
930 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$42,947 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Jeff Davis County
USD ($) Year Source
604,231,364 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Jeff Davis County
USD ($) Year Source
9,979,880 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Jeff Davis County
USD ($) Year Source
7,818,970 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
5.6 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
17.5 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
28.9 88.7 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Jeff Davis County
Area (square miles) Year Source
2,264.6 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Jeff Davis County
Area (square miles) Year Source
2,264.6 2019 United States Census Bureau