Jim Wells County

Jim Wells County, Texas

Jim Wells County, Texas

View of the Jim Wells County Courthouse in Alice, Texas. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Jim Wells County is on U.S. Highway 281 west of Corpus Christi in the Rio Grande Plain region of South Texas. It is bordered by Live Oak and San Patricio counties on the north, Nueces and Kleberg counties on the east, Brooks County on the south, and Duval County on the west. Alice, the county seat and largest town, is located near the center of the county at 27°39' north latitude and 98°05' west longitude. Other communities include Orange Grove, Ben Bolt, Sandia, and Premont. The county covers 845 square miles. The terrain is flat, with elevations ranging from 200 to 400 feet. Soils are generally light to dark, with loamy surfaces over reddish, clayey subsoils and limestone forty inches below the surface. Gray to black, cracking, clayey soils are also found in some areas. The county's vegetation is typical of the South Texas Plains region, with grasslands, mesquite, post oak, live oak, and cacti predominating. Between 41 and 50 percent of the county is considered prime farmland. Natural resources include caliche, industrial sand, oil, and gas. The climate is subtropical-humid. Heavy rains from weakening tropical storms are common from June through October. Temperatures range from 44° F to 68° in January and 74° to 96° in July. The average annual temperature is 72°. Rainfall averages twenty-eight inches a year. Snow almost never occurs. The growing season lasts for 304 days of the year, with the last freeze in mid-February and the first freeze in early December.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Jim Wells County

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  • Jim Wells County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Jim Wells County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

50 ft – 450 ft

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Jim Wells County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Jim Wells County
Pop. Year Source
40,482 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Jim Wells County
People Year Source
17,132 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$40,570 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Jim Wells County
USD ($) Year Source
2,407,738,129 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Jim Wells County
USD ($) Year Source
470,490,394 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Jim Wells County
USD ($) Year Source
204,766,951 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
14.3 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
28.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
44.9 97.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Jim Wells County
Area (square miles) Year Source
865.0 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Jim Wells County
Area (square miles) Year Source
868.3 2019 United States Census Bureau