Oldham County

Oldham County, Texas

Oldham County, Texas

The Oldham County Courthouse is located in Vega, Texas the county seat. Photograph by Aualliso.

Oldham County is in the northwestern corner of the Panhandle, bordered on the west by New Mexico, on the north by Hartley County, on the east by Potter County, and on the south by Deaf Smith County. The county's geographic center lies at 35°25' north latitude and 102°35' west longitude; Vega, the seat of government, is thirty miles west of Amarillo. The area was named for Williamson Simpson Oldham, pioneer Texas lawyer and Confederate senator. Oldham County comprises 1,485 square miles of relatively level grassland, broken by the Canadian River and its numerous intermittent tributaries; elevations range from 3,200 to 4,200 feet above sea level. The fine sandy loam and caliche soils in the area support a variety of native grasses as well as mesquite, sage, and shin oaks. Larger trees such as elm, hackberry, cottonwood, and oak grow in the river bottoms in some places. The soils are not generally conducive to farming, so the economy of the county is principally based on ranching. The area receives an average of 19.54 inches of rain per year. Temperatures range from an average minimum temperature of 22° F in January to an average maximum of 92° F in July; the annual growing season lasts 186 days.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Oldham County

Highlighted:
  • Oldham County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Oldham County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

3140 ft – 4360 ft

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Oldham County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Oldham County
Pop. Year Source
2,112 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Oldham County
People Year Source
844 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$49,120 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Oldham County
USD ($) Year Source
1,072,512,783 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Oldham County
USD ($) Year Source
57,459,461 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Oldham County
USD ($) Year Source
12,113,232 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
3.4 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
19.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
20.7 92.3 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Oldham County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,500.5 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Oldham County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,501.4 2019 United States Census Bureau