Parmer County

Parmer County, Texas

Parmer County, Texas

The Parmer County Courthouse is located in Farwell, Texas, the county seat. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Parmer County, on the western border of the Panhandle of Texas, is bordered on the west by New Mexico, on the north by Deaf Smith County, on the east by Castro County, and on the south by Bailey and Lamb counties. The county is on the High Plains of Texas, and its center is located at 34°33' north latitude and 102°47' west longitude. Farwell, the county seat, is on the Texas-New Mexico border, fifteen miles southwest of the center of the county and eighty-five miles southwest of Amarillo. The county was named for Martin Parmer, an early settler and Texas Revolution veteran. Parmer County occupies 859 square miles of level plains surfaced by sandy, clay, and loam soils. These soils support some native grasses, but now the land is largely cultivated and produces abundant corn, sugar beets, and potatoes, as well as sorghums, cotton, wheat, hay, and soybeans. The elevation ranges from 3,800 to 4,202 feet above sea level, and the county is bisected from northwest to southeast by Running Water Draw, an intermittent but flood-prone creek. Lesser dry arroyos, such as Catfish Draw and Frio Draw, also serve to break the level plains in some areas. Rainfall averages 17.50 inches per year. The average annual minimum temperature is 21° F in January, and the average maximum is 92° F in July. The growing season averages 183 days per year.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Parmer County

Highlighted:
  • Parmer County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Parmer County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

3785 ft – 4440 ft

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Parmer County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Parmer County
Pop. Year Source
9,605 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Parmer County
People Year Source
4,433 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$44,981 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Parmer County
USD ($) Year Source
1,620,263,705 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Parmer County
USD ($) Year Source
93,554,191 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Parmer County
USD ($) Year Source
69,778,460 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
2.9 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
20.1 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
22.5 89.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Parmer County
Area (square miles) Year Source
880.8 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Parmer County
Area (square miles) Year Source
885.2 2019 United States Census Bureau