Randall County

Randall County, Texas

Randall County, Texas

The head of Palo Duro canyon lies in Randall County, Texas. Photo by Thomas S. on Unsplash.

Randall County, on the Llano Estacado near the center of the Panhandle , is bordered by Potter County to the north, Carson County to the northeast, Armstrong County to the east, Swisher County to the southeast, Castro County to the southwest, Deaf Smith County to the west, and Oldham County to the northwest. The county center lies at 34°57' north latitude and 101°54' west longitude. Randall County has an area of 922 square miles that extends over an eastward sloping tableland broken by the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River, which flows through Palo Duro Canyon, and its tributaries, Palo Duro and Tierra Blanca creeks. The elevation is 3,000 to 3,800 feet above mean sea level; the canyons range from 50 to 1,750 feet in depth. Annual rainfall averages 20.16 inches. Temperatures range from an average low of 23° F in January to an average high of 92° in July; the average growing season lasts 195 days. The soil is Amarillo silty clay loam, easily cultivated and suitable for diversified farming. Native short grass and scant growths of cedar and cottonwood made the area a buffalo and antelope range before colonization. Fossil remains of prehistoric animals have been found in both Palo Duro and Cita canyons.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Randall County

Highlighted:
  • Randall County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Randall County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2700 ft – 3890 ft

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Randall County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Randall County
Pop. Year Source
137,713 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Randall County
People Year Source
68,280 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$47,966 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Randall County
USD ($) Year Source
11,402,684,135 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Randall County
USD ($) Year Source
2,167,259,179 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Randall County
USD ($) Year Source
397,259,102 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
5.6 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
20.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
21.5 91.7 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Randall County
Area (square miles) Year Source
911.5 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Randall County
Area (square miles) Year Source
922.4 2019 United States Census Bureau