Shelby County

Shelby County, Texas

Shelby County, Texas

The historic Shelby County Courthouse, erected 1885, has been and remains a landmark of the downtown section in Center, the county seat. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Shelby County is on the eastern boundary of the state, in a bulge of the Sabine River that separates it from Desoto and Sabine parishes in Louisiana. The county is bounded on the south by San Augustine and Sabine counties, on the west by Rusk and Nacogdoches counties, and on the north by Panola County. The county seat and largest town is Center, which is 160 miles northeast of Houston and forty miles northeast of Nacogdoches. Center is named for its location at the geographic center of the county, which lies at 31°47' north latitude and 94°11' west longitude. Two major highways cross the county, U.S. Highway 96, which traverses the center of the county from north to south, and U.S. Highway 84, which traverses the northern portion of the county from east to west. The county's transportation needs are also served by two railroads, the Timberrock Railroad, which traverses the county along the route of Highway 96, and the Union Pacific, which follows roughly the same route as Highway 84. Shelby County comprises 791 square miles of the East Texas timberlands, an area that is heavily forested with a great variety of softwoods and hardwoods, especially pine, cypress, and oak. The terrain varies from undulating to rolling with elevation ranging from 150 to 400 feet above mean sea level. The soil varies from a gray sandy loam on the uplands to a black rich loam in the bottom lands. Between 21 and 30 percent of the land in the county is considered prime farmland. The climate is moist and mild with temperatures that range from an average high of 94° F in July to an average low of 34° in January and an average annual rainfall of fifty inches. The growing season extends for an annual average of 240 days. Most of the county is drained by the Sabine River, but some of the western portion is drained by the Neches River. Mineral resources include lignite coal, sand, oil, and gas.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Shelby County

Highlighted:
  • Shelby County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Shelby County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

174 ft – 630 ft

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Noteworthy Place Type
Africa Town
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Alexanders Store Town
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Rather Town
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Roosterville Town
Royal Town
Rue Town
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Sarat Town
Sardis Town
Saxet Town
Shelbyville Town
Shelton's Store Town
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Short Town
Silas Town
South Jericho Town
Spivey Town
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Tenaha Town
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Truit's Store Town
Wallace Mill Town
Waterman Town
Webb Town
West Hamilton Town
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Wilda Town
Willaluce Town
Willow Grove Town
Wilson Springs Town
Word Town
Wylma Town

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Shelby County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Shelby County
Pop. Year Source
25,274 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Shelby County
People Year Source
10,673 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$41,666 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Shelby County
USD ($) Year Source
2,262,041,047 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Shelby County
USD ($) Year Source
301,574,636 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Shelby County
USD ($) Year Source
91,188,025 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
8.2 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
54.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
35.1 94.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Shelby County
Area (square miles) Year Source
795.6 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Shelby County
Area (square miles) Year Source
834.6 2019 United States Census Bureau