Sherman County

Sherman County Texas

Sherman County Texas

The Sherman County Courthouse is located in the city of Stratford, Texas, the county seat. Photograph by Aualliso.

Sherman County is in the High Plains region of the northern Panhandle on the Oklahoma border. The county's center lies at 36°50' north latitude and 102°30' west longitude. Stratford, the county seat, is in the northwestern part of the county eighty miles north of Amarillo. The county, named for Sidney Sherman, a veteran of the Texas Revolution, extends across 923 square miles of nearly level land covered by prairie grasses, some sagebrush, and yucca; elevations range from 3,200 to 3,800 feet above sea level. The area is drained by the North Fork of the Canadian River, which cuts across the northwestern corner of the county, and by Frisco, Coldwater, and North Palo Duro creeks. The area's soils are dark and loamy, with clayey subsoils that contain hardened calcium deposits. Temperatures vary from an average low of 31° F in January to an average high of 97° in July. The area receives an average of twenty inches of precipitation each year; the average growing season lasts 182 days. In 1982, 98 percent of the county's land was in farms and ranches, 45 percent of the agricultural land was cultivated, and 59 percent of the cultivated land was irrigated. Approximately 66 percent of agricultural receipts were from livestock and livestock products, especially cattle and hogs. Wheat, corn, barley, sorghum, and soybeans are the main crops, and mineral resources include caliche, natural gas, and petroleum. The county's road network includes U.S. Highway 54, which runs across the northwestern corner of the county; U.S. Highway 287, which runs north to south in the western sections; and State Highway 15, which crosses east to west across the center of the county and terminates at Stratford. Two railroad lines, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Southern Pacific, pass through the county and intersect at Stratford.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Sherman County

Highlighted:
  • Sherman County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Sherman County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

3200 ft – 3805 ft

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Sherman County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Sherman County
Pop. Year Source
3,022 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Sherman County
People Year Source
1,274 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$49,508 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Sherman County
USD ($) Year Source
1,051,961,900 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Sherman County
USD ($) Year Source
52,329,447 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Sherman County
USD ($) Year Source
12,313,479 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
3.3 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
17.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
19.5 91.5 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Sherman County
Area (square miles) Year Source
923.0 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Sherman County
Area (square miles) Year Source
923.2 2019 United States Census Bureau