Starr County

Starr County, Texas

Starr County, Texas

The Starr County Courthouse is located in Rio Grande City, the county seat. Photograph Credit: Carol M. Highsmith, public domain, via Library of Congress.

Starr County is in South Texas, bordered by Hidalgo County to the east, Brooks County to the northeast, Jim Hogg County to the north, and Zapata County to the west. The Rio Grande serves as its boundary with Mexico to the south. The county seat is Rio Grande City, which is on U.S. Highway 83 and the Border Pacific Railroad. The center of the county is at 26°34' north latitude and 98°44' west longitude. Starr County is part of the Rio Grande Plain region and comprises 1,226 square miles with elevations from 200 to 400 feet above sea level. The northeastern part of the county has sandy or light-colored and loamy soils over very deep, reddish or mottled clayey subsoils. Soils in the central part of the county are light-colored, deep to moderately deep, and well drained. In the southwest soils are gray to black cracking clay. Limestone can be found within forty inches of the surface. Along the river, brown to red loams cover cracking clayey soils. Starr County is in the South Texas Plains vegetation region, characterized by mid and short grasses, thorny shrubs, mesquite, cacti, and live and post oak. In 1982, 80 percent of the land was in farms and ranches, with 17 percent of the farmland under cultivation and 19 percent irrigated. Less than 1 percent of the land in the county was considered prime farmland. The primary crops were sorghum and hay. Vegetables were also grown, and the county was second in the state for onions, cantaloupes, lettuce, bell peppers, and honeydew melons and fourth for cabbage. Primary fruits were oranges, and the primary livestock was cattle. Natural resources included caliche, clay, and gravel, oil, and gas. Gas and oil production is significant. Starr County has a subtropical, subhumid climate with mild winters and hot summers. Temperatures range from an average minimum of 44° F in January to an average maximum of 99° F in July. The average annual temperature is 74° F. Rainfall averages twenty-two inches a year, and the growing season lasts 305 days.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Starr County

Highlighted:
  • Starr County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Starr County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

125 ft – 580 ft

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Noteworthy Place Type
Airport Heights Town
Alto Bonito Heights Town
Amada Acres Town
Anacua Town
Arkansas City Town
B and E Town
Barrera Town
Benjamin Perez Town
Buena Vista Town
Buena Vista Town
Camargito Town
Campo Verde Town
Casa Blanca Town
Casas Town
Casas Blancas Town
Chaparrito Town
Chapeno Town
Delmita Town
Dreamland Town
East Alto Bonito Town
East Lopez Town
El Arroyo Town
El Brazil Town
El Castillo Town
El Cenizo Town
El Centro Town
El Chaparral Town
El Mesquite Town
El Quiote Town
El Rancho Vela Town
El Refugio Town
El Sauz Town
El Socio Town
Elias-Fela Solis Town
Escobar I Town
Escobares Town
Eugenio Saenz Town
Everettsville Town
Evergreen Town
Falcon Heights Town
Falcon Village Town
Falconaire Town
Fernando Salinas Town
Flor del Rio Town
Fort Ringgold Town
Fronton Town
Fronton Ranchettes Town
Garceño Town
Garcias Ranch Town
Garciasville Town
Garza-Salinas II Town
Guadalupe-Guerra Town
Gutierrez Town
H. Cuellar Estates Town
Hilltop Town
Indio Town
Jardin de San Julian Town
JF Villarreal Town
Kelsay Town
La Carla Town
La Casita Town
La Chuparosa Town
La Copita Town
La Escondida Town
La Esperanza Town
La Gloria Town
La Grulla Town
La Hacha Town
La Loma de Falcon Town
La Minita Town
La Paloma Ranchettes Town
La Puerta Town
La Reforma Town
La Rosita Town
La Victoria Town
Lago Vista Town
Las Escobas Town
Las Lomas Town
Loma Linda East Town
Loma Linda West Town
Loma Vista Town
Longoria Town
Los Alvarez Town
Los Arrieros Town
Los Barreras Town
Los Ebanos Town
Los Garzas Town
Los Velas Town
Los Villareales Town
Manuel Garcia Town
Manuel Garcia II Town
Martinez Town
Mesquite Town
Mi Ranchito Estate Town
Midway Town
Miguel Barrera Town
Mikes Town
Moraida Town
Narciso Pena Town
Netos Town
Nina Town
North Escobares Town
Northridge Town
Old Escobares Town
Olivia Lopez de Gutierrez Town
Olmito and Olmito Town
Olmos Town
Pablo Pena Town
Palo Blanco Town
Pena Town
Quesada Town
Rafael Pena Town
Ramirez-Perez Town
Ramos Town
Ranchitos Del Norte Town
Rancho Davis Town
Rancho Viejo Town
Ratcliff Town
Regino Ramirez Town
Remolino Town
Rincon Town
Rio Grande City Town
Rivera Town
Rivereno Town
Robberson Town
Roma Creek Town
Roma-Los Saenz Town
Salineño Town
Salineño North Town
Sammy Martinez Town
San Carlos Town
San Domingo Town
San Fernando Town
San Ignacio de Loyola Town
San Isidro Town
San Juan Town
San Juanito Ranch Town
San Roman Town
Sandoval Town
Santa Anna Town
Santa Catarina Town
Santa Cruz Town
Santa Elena Town
Santa Margarita Town
Santa Rosa Town
Santel Town
Starrco Town
Sun Oil Camp Town
Sunset Town
Tierra Dorada Town
Valle Vista Town
Viboras Town
Victoria Vera Town
Villarreal Town
West Alto Bonito Town
Zaragosa Town
Zarate Town

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Starr County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Starr County
Pop. Year Source
64,633 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Starr County
People Year Source
25,368 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$26,316 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Starr County
USD ($) Year Source
4,030,687,542 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Starr County
USD ($) Year Source
512,425,796 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Starr County
USD ($) Year Source
125,485,502 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
18.5 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
22.7 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
45.9 98.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Starr County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,223.2 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Starr County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,229.1 2019 United States Census Bureau