Taylor County

Taylor County, Texas

Taylor County, Texas

The new Taylor County Courthouse is located in Abilene, Texas, the county seat. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Taylor County is in west central Texas. The center of the county lies at 32°18' north latitude and 99°53' west longitude, and Abilene, the largest city, is 151 miles west of Fort Worth. Located in the Rolling Plains vegetation region, Taylor County covers 917 square miles of prairie covered by grasses, with some mesquite and live oak trees. The loamy surface soils are reddish to brownish, while the clayey subsoils often include lime accumulations; altitudes range from 1,672 to 2,410 feet above sea level. Taylor County is traversed from east to west by the Callahan Divide, a line of hills separating the Brazos River and the Colorado River watersheds. Lake Abilene, Kirby Lake, Lytle Lake, and Fort Phantom Hill Reservoir provide water and recreation. The county is semi-arid, with an average rainfall of 23.59 inches. Temperatures range from an average low of 31° F in January to an average high of 96° in July, and the average growing season lasts 225 days. Natural resources include oil and gas, stone, clays, sand, and gravel. Transportation needs are met by U.S. Highway 83/84 and 227, Interstate 20, State Highway 36, Abilene Municipal Airport, and Elmdale Airport. The Missouri Pacific Railroad serves cities such as Merkel, Tye, and Abilene. Other railroads serving the county are the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe and the Burlington Northern.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Taylor County

Highlighted:
  • Taylor County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Taylor County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

1640 ft – 2490 ft

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Taylor County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Taylor County
Pop. Year Source
138,034 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Taylor County
People Year Source
65,090 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$45,333 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Taylor County
USD ($) Year Source
9,996,258,558 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Taylor County
USD ($) Year Source
2,357,794,714 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Taylor County
USD ($) Year Source
779,678,008 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
6.3 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
24.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
30.2 94.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Taylor County
Area (square miles) Year Source
915.6 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Taylor County
Area (square miles) Year Source
919.3 2019 United States Census Bureau