Walker County

Walker County, Texas

Walker County, Texas

The Walker County Courthouse is located in Huntsville, Texas. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Walker County is in southeast Texas. The center of the county is at 30°47' north latitude and 95°33' west longitude. Huntsville, the county seat, is near the center of the county sixty miles north of Houston. The area was originally named for Robert J. Walker of Mississippi, who introduced into the United States Congress the resolution for the annexation of Texas; because he was a Unionist during the Civil War, however, in 1863 the state legislature changed the honoree to Samuel H. Walker. Walker County encompasses 801 square miles of rolling hills and open prairies in the Piney Woods vegetation area; around 70 percent of the county is blanketed by forests of loblolly, short-leaf and long-leaf pine, and hardwoods. The area rests at the extreme western end of the Coastal Plain region. Elevations in the county range from 140 to 404 feet above sea level. The land is well watered, receiving forty-six inches of rain each year, and is drained by two major rivers, the Trinity River in the north and the San Jacinto River in the south. Numerous creeks also cross the county. Bedias Creek forms part of the northwestern boundary and empties into the Trinity River, as do Harmon, Carolina, and Nelson creeks. Mill, East and West Sandy, and Robinson creeks drain into the San Jacinto River in the south. Forest soils are typically sands and clays, but alluvial loams are found in creek beds and at lower elevations. Temperatures range from an average low of 38° F in January to an average high of 95° F in July; the growing season lasts 265 days. Clay deposits-ceramic and brick clays and Fuller's earth-have been mined commercially, as have other minerals, including sand, gravel, lignite, volcanic ash, and petroleum. Walker County is crossed by the Union Pacific Railroad and Interstate Highway 45. Transportation in the area is also facilitated by a series of farm-to-market roads radiating outward from Huntsville.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Walker County

Highlighted:
  • Walker County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Walker County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

131 ft – 500 ft

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Walker County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Walker County
Pop. Year Source
72,971 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Walker County
People Year Source
23,362 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$28,016 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Walker County
USD ($) Year Source
5,259,333,965 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Walker County
USD ($) Year Source
862,795,908 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Walker County
USD ($) Year Source
277,354,695 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
8.0 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
49.1 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
39.7 93.3 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Walker County
Area (square miles) Year Source
784.2 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Walker County
Area (square miles) Year Source
801.5 2019 United States Census Bureau