Yoakum County

Yoakum County, Texas

Yoakum County, Texas

The Yoakum County Courthouse is located in Plains, Texas. Photograph by Aualliso.
Physical Features: Western county is level to rolling; playas, draws; sandy, loam, chocolate soils. Economy: Oil, gas, agriculture. History: Comanche hunting area. Anglo-Americans began ranching in the 1890s. Oil was discovered 1936. Mexican migration increased in the 1950s. County named for Henderson Yoakum, pioneer historian; created from Bexar District in 1876; organized in 1907. Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 35.2; Black, 1.5; Hispanic, 62.4; Asian, 0.5; Other, 2.9. Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 128; deaths, 74; marriages, 57; divorces, 22. Recreation: Tsa Mo Ga museum at Plains; Plains watermelon roundup on Labor Day weekend. Minerals: Oil, natural gas. Agriculture: Cotton, peanuts (third in acreage), sorghum, wheat, watermelons, cattle. Some 90,000 acres irrigated. Market value $80 million.

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County Map of Texas

Yoakum County

Highlighted:
  • Yoakum County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Yoakum County is classified as a County

Pronunciations

  • YŌ k’m

Altitude Range

3400 ft – 3891 ft

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Yoakum County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Yoakum County
Pop. Year Source
8,713 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Yoakum County
People Year Source
3,912 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$41,112 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Yoakum County
USD ($) Year Source
2,431,336,818 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Yoakum County
USD ($) Year Source
218,671,516 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Yoakum County
USD ($) Year Source
60,079,981 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
14.7 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
18.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
25.7 91.7 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Yoakum County
Area (square miles) Year Source
799.7 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Yoakum County
Area (square miles) Year Source
799.7 2019 United States Census Bureau
Handbook of Texas

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas , a digital state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records

Yoakum County is in western Texas on the southern High Plains, along the New Mexico border. The center of the county is at 32°10' north latitude and 102°50' west longitude. Plains, the county's seat of government, is fifty miles southwest of Lubbock. The area was named for Henderson King Yoakum. Yoakum County covers 800 square miles of nearly level terrain composed of sandy soils that support prairie grasses and some mesquite, yucca, shinnery oak, and sandsage. Elevations range from 3,400 to 3,900 feet above sea level. The area is drained by Sulphur Springs Draw, which runs through the center of the county. Temperatures vary from an average minimum of 24° F in January to an average maximum of 92° in July, and annual precipitation averages sixteen inches. The average growing season lasts 200 days. U.S. highways 380 and 82 (east-west) and State Highway 214 (north-south) serve the county.

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John Leffler | © Texas State Historical Association