Aguilares is located on State Highway 359, twenty four miles east of Laredo in southeastern Webb County. The community was named for brothers José, Locario, Francisco, Próspero, and Librado Aguilar who established ranches in the area in the 1870s. The economy of the community was changed on July 10, 1881, with the arrival of the Texas Mexican Railway. Aguilares became a wood and water stop on the railroad and a shipping stockyard for the large herds of sheep that roamed the area. A post office opened in 1890. By 1907 the town boasted two schools with two teachers and eighty-nine pupils. In 1910 the population was reportedly 1,500, although that number may have been exaggerated. By 1914 the population had decreased to 300. At this time two businesses served the community, one of which was the Aguilares Mercantile Company. When oil was discovered just south of Mirando City by Oliver Killam in April 1921, people had great hopes for the future of Aguilares. During the first months after Mirando City was established six miles to the east, the new community was supplied with dry goods from nearby Aguilares. By 1930 the post office had closed its doors. Aguilares quickly lost population to the county seat of Laredo. In 1945 the population was twenty-five, and one of the two stores had closed.
Aguilares at a Glance
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Aguilares by the Numbers
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