Alpine, Texas

Alpine, Texas

Breathtaking view of Alpine, the seat of Brewster County, Texas, from atop Hancock Hill to the southwest. Photograph by Patriarca12.

Alpine is located in a wide valley in the foothills of the Davis Mountains in northwest Brewster County. Cattlemen lived in tents near their herds in the area between 1878 and 1882. The town began in the spring of 1882, when a few railroad workers and their families pitched their tents along a small spring-fed creek at the foot of what is now known as "A" Mountain. The railroad section was given the name of Osborne, and for a brief period the name Osborne was applied to the small community of settlers. The best of the springs was on a section belonging to Daniel and Thomas Murphy. The railroad needed control of the spring as a source of water for its steam engines, so it entered into an agreement with the Murphys to change the name of the section and settlement to Murphyville in exchange for a contract to use the spring. In November of 1883 the Murphys registered a plat for the town of Murphyville with the county clerk of Presidio County.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Alpine is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Murphyville)
  • (Osborne)


  • Latitude

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Alpine by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
6,035 2020 United States Census Bureau
5,965 2019 Texas Demographic Center
5,905 2010 United States Census Bureau
5,786 2000 United States Census Bureau
5,622 1990 United States Census Bureau
5,465 1980 United States Census Bureau
5,971 1970 United States Census Bureau
4,740 1960 United States Census Bureau
5,261 1950 United States Census Bureau
3,866 1940 United States Census Bureau
3,495 1930 United States Census Bureau
931 1920 United States Census Bureau
396 1900 United States Census Bureau