Alvin is twelve miles southeast of Houston in northeast Brazoria County, on land originally granted to the Houston Tap and Brazoria Railroad. In the 1860s the Santa Fe Railroad established a flag station near the head of Mustang Slough on its Galveston-to-Richmond branch line. Santa Fe hired Alvin Morgan in 1872 to supervise the loading and shipping of cattle at the stock pens. Morgan built the first house in the area in 1879 and persuaded many travelers to settle there. In 1881 the settlement acquired a post office, and the residents named the community Morgan but renamed it Alvin upon learning of another Morgan, Texas. City folklore recalls Morgan's inseparable companions—a dog, a goose, and a white buzzard. Alvin was incorporated in 1891 and again in 1893.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Alvin is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Morgan)


  • Latitude

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Alvin by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
28,179 2019 Texas Demographic Center
24,236 2010 Texas Demographic Center
21,413 2000 Texas Demographic Center
19,220 1990 Texas Demographic Center
16,515 1980 Texas Demographic Center
10,671 1970 Texas Demographic Center
5,643 1960 Texas Demographic Center
3,701 1950 Texas Demographic Center
3,087 1940 Texas Demographic Center
1,511 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,519 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,453 1910 Texas Demographic Center
996 1900 Texas Demographic Center
261 1890 Texas Demographic Center