Amarillo, Texas

Amarillo, Texas

Amarillo, Texas Photo by K. Mitch Hodge on Unsplash

Amarillo, commercial center of the Texas Panhandle, is in southern Potter County and extends into Randall County. When the Fort Worth and Denver City Railway began building across the Panhandle in 1887, a group of Colorado City merchants chose the site to establish stores. In April 1887 J. T. Berry arrived from Abilene to plat the new town. He chose a well-watered section of school land, located along the FW&DC right-of-way in Potter County, which contained a large playa known as Amarillo, or Wild Horse, Lake.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Amarillo is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Oneida)


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Amarillo by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
203,245 2019 Texas Demographic Center
190,695 2010 Texas Demographic Center
173,627 2000 Texas Demographic Center
157,571 1990 Texas Demographic Center
149,230 1980 Texas Demographic Center
127,010 1970 Texas Demographic Center
137,969 1960 Texas Demographic Center
74,246 1950 Texas Demographic Center
51,686 1940 Texas Demographic Center
43,132 1930 Texas Demographic Center
15,494 1920 Texas Demographic Center
9,957 1910 Texas Demographic Center
1,442 1900 Texas Demographic Center
482 1890 Texas Demographic Center