Anson, Jones County, Texas

Anson, Jones County, Texas

View of the opera house in downtown Anson, the county seat of Jones County, Texas. Photograph by Renelibrary.

Anson, the county seat of Jones County, is at the intersection of U.S. highways 83/277 and 180 at the center of the county. The town was established at Fort Phantom Hill but was moved to its present location when an enterprising speculator, John Merchant, anticipated that the Texas and Pacific Railway would go through the new site. Merchant's offer of land induced McD. Bowyer and P. S. Tipton to open a general store and a hotel. Though the railroad never materialized, the founding of Anson, then known as Jones City, had occurred. On July 17, 1881, Jones City was declared county seat. By 1882 the town had been renamed Anson, again in honor of Anson Jones, last president of the Republic of Texas. By 1883 Dick Davis had established the Texas Western, Anson's first newspaper. In 1909 county commissioners engaged Elmer Withers to design a new courthouse, which was completed in 1910 at a cost of $100,000.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Anson is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Jones City)


  • Latitude

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Anson by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
2,330 2019 Texas Demographic Center
2,430 2010 Texas Demographic Center
2,556 2000 Texas Demographic Center
2,644 1990 Texas Demographic Center
2,831 1980 Texas Demographic Center
2,615 1970 Texas Demographic Center
2,890 1960 Texas Demographic Center
2,708 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,338 1940 Texas Demographic Center
2,093 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,425 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,842 1910 Texas Demographic Center