Armstrong County

Armstrong County, Texas

Armstrong County, Texas

Armstrong County, Texas. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Armstrong County, in the central Panhandle on the eastern edge of the Texas High Plains, is bounded on the east by Donley County, on the north by Carson County, on the west by Randall County, and on the south by Swisher and Briscoe counties. It is named for one of several pioneer Texas families named Armstrong, though the sources are unclear about which one. The center of the county lies approximately at 34°58' north latitude and 101°20' west longitude. Claude, the county seat, is in the north central part of the county thirty miles east of Amarillo. Armstrong County occupies 907 square miles of level plains and canyons. The northern half is generally level, as is the far southwest corner. The rest of the southern half of the county is covered by the great Palo Duro Canyon. The eastern end of Palo Duro Canyon State Scenic Park is in Armstrong County. The soil surface of rich deep gray and chocolate loams supports abundant native grasses as well as wheat and grain sorghums in some areas. The county is crossed by three streams, the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River in Palo Duro Canyon, the Salt Fork of the Red River, and Mulberry Creek, all of which run year-round to some degree. Elevation ranges from 2,300 to 3,500 feet, and the average rainfall is 19.98 inches per year. The average minimum temperature is 19°F in January, and the average maximum is 92° in July. The growing season averages 213 days per year.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Armstrong County

Highlighted:
  • Armstrong County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Armstrong County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2300 ft – 3535 ft

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Armstrong County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Armstrong County
Pop. Year Source
1,887 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Armstrong County
People Year Source
867 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$47,995 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Armstrong County
USD ($) Year Source
793,708,310 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Armstrong County
USD ($) Year Source
16,201,450 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Armstrong County
USD ($) Year Source
4,605,353 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
4.6 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
22.3 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
22.4 90.6 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Armstrong County
Area (square miles) Year Source
909.1 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Armstrong County
Area (square miles) Year Source
913.8 2019 United States Census Bureau