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Aspermont, Texas

Aspermont, Texas

View of Historic building in downtown Aspermont, the seat of Stonewall County, Texas. Photograph by CletusDitto.

Aspermont is at the junction of U.S. highways 83 and 380 and Farm roads 610, 2211, and 1263, fifty-nine miles north of Abilene in central Stonewall County. It was platted as a townsite in 1889 by A. L. Rhomberg, who provided the land and gave it the Latin name for "rough mountain." A post office was opened the same year. Earlier area residents called the place Sunflower Flat. The population had reached approximately 250 in 1898, when Aspermont replaced Rayner as county seat. Rayner contested the election, and the courthouse relocation was deferred until 1900, when litigation cleared the way for construction. Aspermont was incorporated in 1909 with a population of 700; construction of a lake and water-supply facilities began in 1914. Local businessmen made donations to encourage railroad construction, and the Stamford and Northwestern Railway line was extended from Stamford in 1909 and leased to the Wichita Valley Railway Company. Aspermont had 400 residents by 1900 and 600 by 1910. World War I reduced the population to 436 in 1920, but it rebounded by 1930 to 769; by 1940, thanks to the discovery of oil, it had increased to 1,041. The local economy relies on ranching and oil. In 1970 the town had 1,198 residents and fifty businesses; in 1980 the population reached 1,357. A hospital was built in 1965. County facilities in town include a library, a swimming pool, and a livestock show barn. An annual rodeo is a feature event. The population in 1990 was 1,214. In 2000 the population dropped slightly to 1,021.

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William R. Hunt | © TSHA

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Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Aspermont is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Aspermont is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Rhomberg)
  • (Sunflower Flat)


Latitude: 33.14051920
Longitude: -100.22532000

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Aspermont by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
789 2020 United States Census Bureau
867 2019 Texas Demographic Center
919 2010 United States Census Bureau
1,021 2000 United States Census Bureau
1,214 1990 United States Census Bureau
1,357 1980 United States Census Bureau
1,198 1970 United States Census Bureau
1,275 1960 United States Census Bureau
1,060 1950 United States Census Bureau
1,041 1940 United States Census Bureau
769 1930 United States Census Bureau
436 1920 United States Census Bureau
205 1900 United States Census Bureau
205 1890 United States Census Bureau