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Atlanta, at the junction of U.S. Highway 59, State highways 43 and 77, and Farm roads 96, 249, 251, 995, 1159, 1841, 2327, and 2791, ten miles west of the Texas-Arkansas line, is the largest town and most important economic center in Cass County. The town was established in 1871 with the building of the Texas and Pacific Railway and named for Atlanta, Georgia, former home of many early settlers. A post office opened in 1871, and by 1885 the community had 1,500 residents, three White and two black churches, two schools, a bank, several sawmills, a number of general stores, and a weekly newspaper, the Citizens' Journal. Lumbering was the chief industry. The lumber boom reached its peak around 1890, when the population was 1,764. The community was incorporated in 1929, when it had 1,900 residents and 105 businesses. The onset of the Great Depression forced many businesses to close, and in 1936 Atlanta had only eighty-five rated businesses. The opening of the Rodessa oilfield in 1935, however, helped mitigate the worst effects of the depression, and by 1940 the town had modern canneries, lumber mills, wholesale houses, a brick plant, a hospital, and a population of 2,453. Subsequently, Atlanta grew steadily, topping the 4,000 mark for the first time in the early 1960s. In 1990 the population was 6,118. By 2000 the population dropped to 5,745. Principal industries include farming, forestry, oil, and tourism.

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Claudia Hazlewood | © TSHA

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Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Atlanta is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Atlanta is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [2]
  • (Scott's Mills)


Latitude: 33.11361240
Longitude: -94.16727100

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Atlanta by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
5,433 2020 United States Census Bureau
5,683 2019 Texas Demographic Center
5,675 2010 United States Census Bureau
5,745 2000 United States Census Bureau
6,118 1990 United States Census Bureau
6,272 1980 United States Census Bureau
5,007 1970 United States Census Bureau
4,076 1960 United States Census Bureau
3,782 1950 United States Census Bureau
2,453 1940 United States Census Bureau
1,685 1930 United States Census Bureau
1,469 1920 United States Census Bureau
1,604 1910 United States Census Bureau
1,301 1900 United States Census Bureau
1,764 1890 United States Census Bureau