Austinia was a settlement on the shores of Moses Lake, on the west bank of Galveston Bay in Galveston County. The exact date of its establishment is unknown. The Congress of the Republic of Texas, in the first Texas railroad charter, chartered the Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company on May 24, 1838, to make turnpikes, crossings, and a railroad from Austinia on Galveston Bay to Bolivar on the Brazos River. The site was located on Dollar Point in the Stephen F. Austin league, now within the bounds of Texas City. Austinia was to be the headquarters for the company. After Austin's death in 1836 his sister, Emily Austin Perry, became sole owner of the Dollar Point league and platted the townsite. She deeded to her son, William J. Bryan, and George L. Hammeken part of the townsite to aid in financing the construction of the railroad. James F. Perry and Hammeken were commissioned to sell subscriptions to the 1,500 Austinia shares. On February 1, 1839, Bryan and Hammeken bought the rest of Austinia and the Dollar Point peninsula. The board of directors elected Hammeken president and Perry treasurer.
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