Bay City

Bay City, Matagorda County, Texas

Bay City, Matagorda County, Texas

View of the downtown area of Bay City, the seat of Matagorda County, Texas. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Bay City, the county seat of Matagorda County, is an incorporated city at the junction of State Highways 35 and 60, in the north central portion of the county ninety miles southwest of Houston. The community is named for its location on Bay Prairie, between the richly productive bottomlands of the Colorado River and Caney Creek. It was established in 1894, when David Swickheimer, a Colorado mining millionaire and participant in a promotional organization called the Enterprise Land and Colonizing Company, formed the Bay City Town Company in partnership with G. M. Magill, N. M. Vogelsang, and Nicholas King. Planning that Bay City would one day supplant Matagorda as county seat, the men selected two cow pastures on Bay Prairie as the site for a new community. The company bought 320 acres from D. P. Moore and another 320 acres from the Mensing brothers of Galveston. One square mile was given to the townsite, on which the promoters laid out wide, regular streets. Elliott's Ferry (see ELLIOTT, TEXAS), two miles away, provided transportation across the Colorado River.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Bay City is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Bay City is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    28.98126440
    Longitude
    -95.96035800

External Websites

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.


Search Places »

Bay City by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Population Counts

Bay City
Pop. Year Source
17,444 2019 Texas Demographic Center
17,614 2010 Texas Demographic Center
18,667 2000 Texas Demographic Center
18,170 1990 Texas Demographic Center
17,837 1980 Texas Demographic Center
11,733 1970 Texas Demographic Center
11,656 1960 Texas Demographic Center
9,427 1950 Texas Demographic Center
6,594 1940 Texas Demographic Center
4,070 1930 Texas Demographic Center
3,454 1920 Texas Demographic Center
3,156 1910 Texas Demographic Center