Bloomfield was on a road that is now Farm Road 372, fifteen miles southeast of Gainesville in southeastern Cooke County. The community was reportedly settled in 1876 and had a post office from 1877 to 1907. Mrs. Angeline Jackson, sister of the first postmaster, named the community for a field of yellow wildflowers. The first settler was probably Alfred Robison, a widower who moved with his children to Texas from Tennessee before the Civil War. Crockett Robison operated a store and served as first postmaster at Bloomfield, and Claude Robison established the first cotton gin in the community. Other early settlers were Perry Pierce, Jeff Montgomery, Reason Jones, Louis Jordan, Robert Jones, Pat and Steve Sanders, Parson Boling, Alex Davis, and Tom Wooten. Dr. John S. Riley, who settled two miles west of Bloomfield in 1871, was an uncle of the poet James Whitcomb Riley.
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