Breckenridge, Texas

Breckenridge, Texas

Mural in the downtown area of the city of Breckenridge, the seat of Stephens County, Texas. Photograph by Kairos14.

Breckenridge, the county seat of Stephens County, is at the intersection of U.S. highways 180 and 183, four miles east of Hubbard Creek Reservoir in west central Stephens County. It originated about 1854 as Picketville, named either for the post and clay structure of the early homes or for early rancher Bill Picket. When the county was organized in 1876, the town was made county seat and renamed Breckenridge after John C. Breckinridge, United States senator from Kentucky and vice president, although the spelling of the name was altered. That year the first courthouse was built, and a post office was opened. The Northwest Texian, the town's first newspaper, began publication in 1877. Among early publishers were B. B. Greenwood and E. W. Davenport. Davenport later started the Democrat, a weekly which survived until 1924. In the early 1880s a two-story school building was erected, and the upper floor, referred to as the "Opera House," was used for church services. By 1884 Breckenridge had an estimated 500 inhabitants, Methodist, Baptist, and Presbyterian churches, a district school, a bank, and five general stores. The population reached 531 in 1900, a new school building was erected in 1906, and by 1914 Episcopalian and Christian churches had joined the others.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Breckenridge is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Place type

Breckenridge is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Picketville)


  • Latitude

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Breckenridge by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
5,807 2019 Texas Demographic Center
5,780 2010 United States Census Bureau
5,868 2000 United States Census Bureau
5,665 1990 United States Census Bureau
6,921 1980 United States Census Bureau
5,944 1970 United States Census Bureau
6,273 1960 United States Census Bureau
6,610 1950 United States Census Bureau
5,826 1940 United States Census Bureau
7,569 1930 United States Census Bureau
1,846 1920 United States Census Bureau