Brenham, Texas

Brenham, Texas

Historic Aereal Map of Brenham, Texas from 1873. Brenham is the seat of Washington County, Texas. Photograph Credit: Augustus Koch via Wikipedia.

Brenham, the county seat of Washington County, is on U.S. Highway 290 seventy-two miles northwest of Houston. The Hickory Grove community changed its name in 1843 to Brenham in honor of Republic of Texas hero Dr. Richard Fox Brenham, who had practiced medicine in the vicinity. In February 1844 Brenham became the county seat through the electoral efforts of Jabez D. Giddings and Jesse Farral's and James Hurt's offer of 100 acres as a townsite. A post office was established in 1846. In 1858 the new county seat, a rapidly growing supply center for a prosperous agricultural area, was incorporated. With the construction of the Washington County Railroad in 1860, Brenham, the rail terminus, served as a distribution point for the state's interior until 1871, when the Houston and Texas Central was extended to Austin.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Brenham is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Hickory Grove)


  • Latitude

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Brenham by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
17,752 2019 Texas Demographic Center
15,716 2010 Texas Demographic Center
13,507 2000 Texas Demographic Center
11,952 1990 Texas Demographic Center
10,966 1980 Texas Demographic Center
8,922 1970 Texas Demographic Center
7,740 1960 Texas Demographic Center
6,941 1950 Texas Demographic Center
6,435 1940 Texas Demographic Center
5,974 1930 Texas Demographic Center
5,066 1920 Texas Demographic Center
4,718 1910 Texas Demographic Center
5,968 1900 Texas Demographic Center
5,209 1890 Texas Demographic Center
4,101 1880 Texas Demographic Center
2,221 1870 Texas Demographic Center