Brownfield, Texas

Brownfield, Texas

Brownfield is the seat of Terry County, Texas. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Brownfield is at the junction of U.S. highways 62, 82, 380, and 385 and State Highway 137, forty miles southwest of Lubbock in central Terry County. In 1903 town promoters W. G. Hardin and A. F. Small arrived in Terry County planning to turn Small's few hundred dollars into thousands. The two men bought the county's center lot from A. M. (Dick) Brownfield and began to plat the site, giving every voter in the county a lot in order to enhance the town's chances of becoming the county seat; they named the town after a prominent ranching family. The founders donated one block each for the courthouse, the school, and churches. J. R. Hill, the first to arrive with his family, built Hill's Hotel, the first business establishment, on the north side of the square. On April 1, 1903, Hill opened the first post office in his hotel building and became the first postmaster. The settlers lived in tents, covered wagons, or dugouts (see DUGOUT) until construction materials for houses could be hauled from Big Spring or Colorado City. A school was built, and since there was no money for a teacher or equipment it served as a dance hall, church, and general gathering place until 1905, when the first school term began.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Brownfield by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
9,484 2019 Texas Demographic Center
9,657 2010 Texas Demographic Center
9,488 2000 Texas Demographic Center
9,560 1990 Texas Demographic Center
10,387 1980 Texas Demographic Center
9,647 1970 Texas Demographic Center
10,286 1960 Texas Demographic Center
6,161 1950 Texas Demographic Center
4,009 1940 Texas Demographic Center
1,907 1930 Texas Demographic Center