Browntown was between White Oak Creek and the Sulphur River nine miles northwest of Omaha in northwestern Morris County. In 1900 the Sullivan Sanford Lumber Company bought 20,000 acres in northwestern Morris and northeastern Titus counties. The company built a railroad from Naples north across White Oak Creek and then northwest through the timberland. By 1917 they had cut most of the usable timber and torn up the railroad. They then sold the land to Clayton D. Browne, a Dallas real estate developer who planned to build a community there. Browne divided the land into tracts of eighty to 100 acres and had twelve three-room box houses built along the abandoned railroad grade. He was willing to sell the land on easy terms, making it possible for poor sharecroppers to obtain land of their own. The residents were to have use of the entire 20,000 acres for raising stock and cutting timber.
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