Bryan, Texas

Bryan, Texas

Aereal view of downtown Bryan, the seat of Brazos County, Texas. Photograph by Justin6898.

Bryan, the county seat of Brazos County, is located in west central Brazos County and is crossed by State highways 6 and 21, U.S. Highway 190, Farm roads 158, 1179, 1687, and 1688, and the Missouri Pacific and Southern Pacific railroads. Along with College Station, the home of Texas A&M University, which adjoins Bryan to the south, the city is the urban center of Brazos County. The area around the future site of Bryan was settled by members of Stephen F. Austin's colony in the 1820s and 1830s. In 1859, when the Houston and Texas Central Railroad graded a railroad bed through the area, a nephew of Austin, William Joel Bryan, donated land for a townsite to the railroad company. The townsite was named in his honor and was platted that same year. Construction of the railroad was halted at Millican, eighteen miles southeast of Bryan, during the Civil War, but a community of some 300 inhabitants grew up at the townsite. A post office was opened in Bryan in 1866, and that same year the county voted for Bryan to replace Boonville as the county seat. The railroad reached the community in 1867. That year also saw the arrival of telegraph service and the first general store. Many residents of Millican and Boonville moved to the new county seat in the 1860s, and the first courthouse was built in 1871. Though the city voted to incorporate in 1867, it was not formally incorporated until 1871, when it adopted an aldermanic government.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Bryan is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [-City]
  • (Boonville)


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Bryan by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
85,224 2019 Texas Demographic Center
76,201 2010 Texas Demographic Center
65,660 2000 Texas Demographic Center
55,002 1990 Texas Demographic Center
44,337 1980 Texas Demographic Center
33,719 1970 Texas Demographic Center
27,542 1960 Texas Demographic Center
18,102 1950 Texas Demographic Center
11,842 1940 Texas Demographic Center
7,814 1930 Texas Demographic Center
6,307 1920 Texas Demographic Center
4,132 1910 Texas Demographic Center
3,589 1900 Texas Demographic Center
2,979 1890 Texas Demographic Center