Burleson County Courthouse, Caldwell, Texas

Burleson County Courthouse, Caldwell, Texas

Burleson County Courthouse in the city of Caldwell, Texas. Photograph by Jim Evans.

Caldwell, the county seat of Burleson County, is at the intersection of State highways 21 and 36, in the center of the county. In 1840, when the Texas Congress annexed to Milam County all of Washington County north of Yegua Creek and west of the Brazos River, Caldwell was designated as the county seat of a new county to be formed. The proposed town, surveyed by George B. Erath and named for Mathew Caldwell, was laid out parallel to the Old San Antonio Road and west of Davidson Creek; the site encompassed a settlement founded by Lewis L. Chiles. Until Burleson County was organized in 1846, Caldwell served as the county seat of Milam County.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Caldwell is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

Currently Exists


Place type

Caldwell is classified as a Town


  • Latitude

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.

Search Places »

Caldwell by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
4,538 2019 Texas Demographic Center
4,104 2010 Texas Demographic Center
3,449 2000 Texas Demographic Center
3,181 1990 Texas Demographic Center
2,953 1980 Texas Demographic Center
2,308 1970 Texas Demographic Center
2,204 1960 Texas Demographic Center
2,109 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,165 1940 Texas Demographic Center
1,724 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,689 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,476 1910 Texas Demographic Center
1,535 1900 Texas Demographic Center
1,250 1890 Texas Demographic Center