Canadian, on U.S. highways 60 and 83 in western Hemphill County, has been the county seat since its founding in 1887. In the spring of that year E. P. Purcell and O. H. Nelson, who headed the Kansas Railway Townsite Company, laid out the 240-acre townsite, which is on the south bank of the Canadian River near its junction with Red Deer Creek. By summer the Southern Kansas Railway had completed a bridge across the river from the settlement of Clear Creek, or Hogtown. As a result, residents of Hogtown moved their homes and businesses to Canadian. Soon the temporary tent city gave way to more permanent structures, as the townsite company's advertisements attracted more prospective settlers and businesses. Nelson Peet established the first hotel, the Log Cabin, and a post office was opened in August. On July 4, 1888, Canadian's reputation as a rodeo (see RODEOS) town began when the annual Cowboys' Reunion staged a commercial rodeo, one of the first in Texas. The event has been an annual custom ever since. Baptists, Methodists, the Christian Church, the Church of Christ, and other Christian communions soon established churches in Canadian.
Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.
H. Allen Anderson | © Texas State Historical Association
Canadian at a Glance
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Canadian is classified as a Town
Has Post Office
Photos of Canadian and surrounding areas
The City of Canadian is the seat of Hemphill County, Texas Photograph by Billy Hathorn.
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Canadian by the Numbers
This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."
|2,339||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|2,713||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|2,649||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|2,233||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|2,417||1990||United States Census Bureau|
|3,491||1980||United States Census Bureau|
|2,292||1970||United States Census Bureau|
|2,239||1960||United States Census Bureau|
|2,700||1950||United States Census Bureau|
|2,151||1940||United States Census Bureau|
|2,068||1930||United States Census Bureau|
|2,187||1920||United States Census Bureau|
|1,648||1910||United States Census Bureau|