Canadian

Canadian, Texas

Canadian, Texas

The City of Canadian is the seat of Hemphill County, Texas Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Canadian, on U.S. highways 60 and 83 in western Hemphill County, has been the county seat since its founding in 1887. In the spring of that year E. P. Purcell and O. H. Nelson, who headed the Kansas Railway Townsite Company, laid out the 240-acre townsite, which is on the south bank of the Canadian River near its junction with Red Deer Creek. By summer the Southern Kansas Railway had completed a bridge across the river from the settlement of Clear Creek, or Hogtown. As a result, residents of Hogtown moved their homes and businesses to Canadian. Soon the temporary tent city gave way to more permanent structures, as the townsite company's advertisements attracted more prospective settlers and businesses. Nelson Peet established the first hotel, the Log Cabin, and a post office was opened in August. On July 4, 1888, Canadian's reputation as a rodeo (see RODEOS) town began when the annual Cowboys' Reunion staged a commercial rodeo, one of the first in Texas. The event has been an annual custom ever since. Baptists, Methodists, the Christian Church, the Church of Christ, and other Christian communions soon established churches in Canadian.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Canadian is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Canadian is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    35.90978650
    Longitude
    -100.38381000

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Canadian by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Canadian
Pop. Year Source
2,713 2019 Texas Demographic Center
2,649 2010 Texas Demographic Center
2,233 2000 Texas Demographic Center
2,417 1990 Texas Demographic Center
3,491 1980 Texas Demographic Center
2,292 1970 Texas Demographic Center
2,239 1960 Texas Demographic Center
2,700 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,151 1940 Texas Demographic Center
2,068 1930 Texas Demographic Center
2,187 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,648 1910 Texas Demographic Center