Carmine

City of Carmine, Fayette County, Texas

City of Carmine, Fayette County, Texas

Carmine Museum and Visitor Center, a city in Fayette County, Texas. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Carmine is on U.S. Highway 290 at the Fayette-Washington county line. Dr. B. J. Thigpen and his family moved to the townsite on Christmas Day, 1885. Thigpen had been promised the position of station agent on the Texas and New Orleans Railroad if he would promote the town. When the post office was established in 1892 the original name, Sylvan, was changed to Carmine in honor of Newton Carmean, the first postmaster. The town grew through active promotion. By 1900 it had four general stores, four saloons, two blacksmith shops, a newspaper named the New Century, several churches, and ten other businesses. Both the railroad and the highway provided direct links between Houston and Austin. In 1950 Carmine had twenty-four businesses and a population of 650. Students attended the consolidated school of Carmine-Round Top. During the 1960s, however, cotton gins closed and farmland reverted to pasture. The railroad line was closed, and the track was removed between 1980 and 1985. By 1985 the town had twenty-five businesses and a population of 239. In 1990 the population was 192, and in 2000 it was 228.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Carmine is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Carmine is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Carmean]
  • (Sylvan)

Locations

  • Latitude
    30.14853030
    Longitude
    -96.69043000

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Carmine by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Carmine
Pop. Year Source
258 2019 Texas Demographic Center
250 2010 Texas Demographic Center
228 2000 Texas Demographic Center
192 1990 Texas Demographic Center