Carthage

Carthage, Texas

Carthage, Texas

View of Anderson Park in the City of Carthage, in Panola County, Texas, and part of the city's downtown area. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Carthage is at the intersection of U.S. highways 59 and 79, forty-two miles west of Shreveport, Louisiana, near the center of Panola County. Carthage is Panola County's second county seat. When an act of the Texas legislature delineated the county in 1846, the temporary county seat was Pulaski, a settlement on the east bank of the Sabine River. In 1848 the county commissioners selected a site at the county's geographic center as the permanent county seat. Jonathan Anderson, who owned the proposed site, agreed to donate 100 acres for the town. Spearman Holland is credited with naming the community in honor of Carthage, Mississippi. A post office was established in 1849. The first courthouse, made of peeled pine logs and financed by the sale of town lots, was completed in August of the same year. The log courthouse was used until 1853, when a brick structure was built. In 1860 Carthage had a school, a church, and the Panola Male and Female Academy, founded by L. C. Libby. The courthouse soon became overcrowded, and a third courthouse, built in Gothic style, was completed in 1885. By that time a local newspaper, the Panola Watchman, was being published by T. E. Boren, and a second weekly, the Panola Banner, published by G. D. Guest and H. M. Knight, was in operation by 1890. In 1888 the Texas, Sabine Valley and Northwestern Railway was extended to Carthage. This line later became part of the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe and in 1965 was conveyed to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Carthage is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Carthage is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    32.15255420
    Longitude
    -94.33654700

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Carthage by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Carthage
Pop. Year Source
7,004 2019 Texas Demographic Center
6,779 2010 Texas Demographic Center
6,664 2000 Texas Demographic Center
6,496 1990 Texas Demographic Center
6,447 1980 Texas Demographic Center
5,392 1970 Texas Demographic Center
5,262 1960 Texas Demographic Center
4,750 1950 Texas Demographic Center
2,178 1940 Texas Demographic Center
1,651 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,366 1920 Texas Demographic Center