Cayuga is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 287 and Farm Road 59, five miles east of the Trinity River in northwestern Anderson County. The area was first settled in the late 1840s. The forerunner of Cayuga was a settlement called Wild Cat Bluff, located a short distance away on the Trinity River, which served as a shipping point for area farmers. Wild Cat Bluff flourished briefly during the heyday of river traffic on the Trinity but began to decline in the early 1870s, when the river became unnavigable. By the 1880s a new settlement began to grow up nearby. A post office was opened in 1894; W. A. Davenport, a native of Cayuga, New York, was the first postmaster. He operated a steam barge on the Trinity River for several years, shipping cotton, cross ties, and staves to Galveston. The earliest church in the area, the Judson Baptist Church, was organized in 1854. The Joppa Holiness Church worshiped in the town from 1899 to 1907; the Freeman Baptist Church was organized in 1910 and held regular services until 1934. The first school in the area was taught by G. W. Tuggle, chief justice of Anderson County. Tuggle and his wife Elizabeth gave a half acre of land near Tuggle Springs for the school on May 7, 1860; the school remained there until the 1880s, when it was moved to the Cayuga-Blackfoot road. In 1922, after a bitter fight, the school was moved to a location just off Farm Road 59.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Cayuga is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

Currently Exists


Place type

Cayuga is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Wild Cat Bluff)


  • Latitude

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.

Search Places »

Cayuga by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Pop. Year Source
137 2009 Local Officials