Chambers County

Chambers County, Texas

Chambers County, Texas

Chambers County Library in Anahuac, Texas. Photograph by WhisperToMe.

Chambers County, named for Thomas Jefferson Chambers, is a rural county less than twenty miles east of Houston in the Coastal Prairie region of Southeast Texas. The county is divided by the Trinity River. It comprises 616 square miles of level terrain that slopes toward Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, its southern and southwestern boundaries. The center point of the county is at 29°42' north latitude and 94°41' west longitude. The elevation rises from sea level to fifty feet. Chambers County has a subtropical, humid climate, with rainfall averaging forty-nine inches, a mean annual temperature of sixty-nine degrees, and a growing season averaging 261 days per year. The soils are chiefly coastal clay and sandy loam. The flora includes tall grasses, live oaks, cypress, pine, and cedar trees, as well as hardwoods along rivers and streams. The Union Pacific provides railroad service, and Interstate Highway 10 was built through the county in 1955. The county's abundant coastal marshland has never supported a large population, but its watery lowlands support the rice culture that yields the county's principal crop. Other farmers raise significant numbers of beef cattle, hogs, sheep, and poultry, as well as corn, feed grains, citrus fruits, vegetables, and some cotton. Natural resources include salt domes, industrial sand, and pine and hardwood timber; oil, gas, and sulfur are present in commercial quantities. Hurricanes that have struck Chambers County include those of 1875, 1900, 1915, 1943, 1957, 1961, and 1983.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Chambers County

Highlighted:
  • Chambers County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Chambers County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

0 ft – 82 ft

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Chambers County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Chambers County
Pop. Year Source
43,837 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Chambers County
People Year Source
19,336 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$53,673 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Chambers County
USD ($) Year Source
16,130,241,697 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Chambers County
USD ($) Year Source
512,229,940 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Chambers County
USD ($) Year Source
331,120,541 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
10.8 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
57.1 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
42.2 90.6 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Chambers County
Area (square miles) Year Source
597.1 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Chambers County
Area (square miles) Year Source
871.2 2019 United States Census Bureau