Share This Page

Chico is at the intersection of State Highway 101 and Farm Road 1810, five miles north of Bridgeport in northwestern Wise County. Settlement of the area began in the mid-1870s, when J. T. Brown, from Chico, California, moved to the area and opened a general store near Dry Creek. The settlement became a church and school community for area farmers. A post office was established in 1882. A decade later the tracks of the Rock Island Railroad reached the community. Soon thereafter Chico became a retail center for cotton farmers. The town remained economically dependent on agriculture until the early 1940s, when oil was discovered nearby. The population reached 1,000 in 1942. Although Chico billed itself as the oil capital of Wise County, it also was one of the leading producers of crushed stone for road construction. At one time the town had four large stone processing plants. Agriculture remained important; in the 1950s peanuts and cantaloupes replaced cotton as the primary crop. Chico was incorporated in 1950, but the population declined to 850 by the middle of the 1950s. In 1986 Chico had an estimated 890 residents, twenty-five businesses, and a weekly newspaper, the Chico Times. In 1990 the population was 800 and in 2000 it was 947.

Continue Reading

David Minor | © TSHA

Handbook of Texas Logo

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Great Texas Land Rush logo
Adoption Status:
This place has been adopted and will not be available until July 15, 2024
Adopted by:
Martha Anne "Marti" Moser
Dedication Message:
In loving memory of my father Billy Foye Moser, grandmother Ruth Oran Smith Moser and grandfather Homer Lawrence "Jack L" Moser,all born in Chico, Wise County Tx

Belongs to

Chico is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Chico is classified as a Town


Latitude: 33.29471510
Longitude: -97.79923200

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Chico by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
946 2020 United States Census Bureau
1,170 2019 Texas Demographic Center
1,002 2010 United States Census Bureau
947 2000 United States Census Bureau
800 1990 United States Census Bureau